• Eryn

The Birds of the Galápagos Islands

Updated: Aug 11, 2020

For the 56 bird species that are native to the islands, the Galápagos is truly a special place to live. The Ecuadorian government was very quick to recognize and protect the volcanic islands' beauty, so the birds have never thought of humans as a threat. It is also indeed a very memorable place for us to experience the birds' ways of life, for their protection has left them quite unfazed by our activities. Always maintaining a respectful distance from them as to avoid being a disturbance, we were able to see some of the Galápagos Islands' most iconic birds up close doing what they do best naturally in the wild. Every species has a unique way of starting a family, and booby birds such as the blue-footed boobies do this in a very interesting way. Whistling sweetly, males remain on the ground and perform small dances, trying to impress the females flying above. When a female is interested, she lands beside the male and the courtship ritual begins. The male first presents the female with a gift, a small twig, or a stone. If this pleases the female, she will return the favor with a gift of her own. Soon, another gift is given... and another... until a new couple is formed.

For frigate birds, the males display their love by inflating their throat sacs that look like bright red balloons. Males will first choose a decent nesting site, and roost atop that bush or tree. He then blows up his throat sac, so females can then easily spot the male and decide whether she likes his choice of residence. She then picks what she feels is the best place to build a nest, and the deal is sealed. Males will hence spread their wings in pride, boasting to others about his new partner. Sometimes, however, females might change their mind, leaving the males so suddenly. Often, when a male is too busy showing off, he won't even realize the female isn't there anymore!

These two examples are only a tiny fragment of how the many birds of the Galápagos Islands behave, but even so, are already incredibly colorful and unique. I still remember on our voyage in the Arctic, and though it was an amazing experience, I felt we were very removed from the wildlife there. Extremely skittish and cautious, the animals of the Arctic were used to humans being a threat having long been hunted by those who live there. I am glad places like the Galápagos still exist, where humans and wildlife are able to coexist in harmony so that we can truly appreciate the wildlife it has to bring.


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